Highschool college students are utilizing e-cigarettes—also called vapes—much less, in line with a brand new nationwide survey from the US Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) on tobacco product use amongst US youth.
Findings of the 2023 Nationwide Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS), which was performed between March and June 2023, present that 10% of US center and highschool college students (2.8 million youth) reported present use of any tobacco product.
Amongst US highschool college students, present total tobacco product use declined throughout 2022-2023 (16.5% to 12.6%). This decline was primarily attributable to diminished e-cigarette use (14.1% to 10%), which interprets to 580,000 fewer highschool college students who reported present use of e-cigarettes in 2023.
Amongst highschool college students, declines in present use had been additionally noticed throughout 2022-2023 for cigars and total flamable tobacco smoking, representing all-time lows.
“It’s encouraging to see this substantial decline in e-cigarette use amongst excessive schoolers inside the previous yr, which is a win for public well being,” says Brian King, PhD, MPH, director of the FDA’s Heart for Tobacco Merchandise, in a launch. “However we will’t relaxation on our laurels. There’s extra work to be executed to construct on this progress.”
Though a lower in e-cigarette use was noticed amongst highschool college students, amongst center college college students there was a rise in present total tobacco product use (4.5% to six.6%) and a number of tobacco product use (1.5% to 2.5%). Nevertheless, amongst center college college students total, no vital change was noticed throughout 2022-2023 for present use of any particular person tobacco product kind, together with e-cigarettes.
E-cigarettes remained probably the most generally used tobacco product amongst each highschool and center college college students for the tenth yr in a row. Amongst youth who reported present e-cigarette use, roughly one-quarter reported utilizing e-cigarettes every single day. Disposable e-cigarette merchandise had been the most typical product kind utilized by youth who reported e-cigarette use.
Nevertheless, the preferred manufacturers included each disposable and cartridge-based merchandise.
Amongst present youth e-cigarette customers, probably the most generally reported manufacturers had been Elf Bar (56.7%), Esco Bars (21.6%), Vuse (20.7%), JUUL (16.5%) and Mr. Fog (13.6%).
Amongst youth who reported present e-cigarette use, almost all used flavored merchandise (89.4%), with fruit, sweet, mint, and menthol being probably the most generally used flavors. For the primary time in NYTS, the 2023 questionnaire requested about use of flavors that included the phrase “ice” or “iced” of their title, together with different idea taste names (ie, names that indicate taste however don’t explicitly point out any explicit taste, equivalent to “island bash”). Accounting for these merchandise gives a extra sturdy image of flavored tobacco product use amongst youth, with the outcomes suggesting that flavored tobacco product use amongst youth could be larger than beforehand thought.
“The FDA stays involved about youth tobacco product use, and we can’t and won’t let our guard down on this difficulty,” King says within the launch. “The company has an array of enforcement instruments at our disposal, and we’re dedicated to utilizing them as applicable. We won’t stand by as dangerous actors place revenue over the well being of our nation’s youth.”
FDA Enforcement Actions
After submitting 22 civil cash penalty (CMPs) actions in September for the most important quantities sought to this point, the FDA is saying a brand new wave of enforcement actions concentrating on unlawful e-cigarettes with youth enchantment. The company is in search of CMPs for comparable quantities towards 20 further retailers for the sale of unauthorized Elf Bar merchandise, the preferred model amongst youth in line with the 2023 NYTS.
The FDA beforehand issued a warning letter to every of those 20 retailers cautioning them to cease promoting unauthorized tobacco merchandise. Throughout follow-up inspections, the FDA noticed that the retailers had not stopped promoting the unauthorized merchandise, ensuing within the CMP actions. In September, the FDA introduced civil cash penalty actions towards greater than a dozen retailers for the sale of unauthorized Elf Bar/EB Design e-cigarettes and despatched lots of extra warning letters to retailers for promoting the identical merchandise.
Over the previous yr, the FDA has issued greater than 135 warning letters to producers and distributors of unauthorized e-cigarettes – together with a number of distributors of Elf Bar (Simple Wholesale, LLC, EC Provide, Inc., Safa Items, LLC). The FDA has additionally performed a sequence of nationwide retailer inspections, issued greater than 400 warning letters to retailers for the sale of unauthorized e-cigarettes, issued import alerts for the detention with out bodily examination of unauthorized e-cigarettes supplied for entry into the US market, filed civil cash penalty actions for the most important quantities sought to this point towards producers of unauthorized e-cigarettes and filed the primary injunctions towards producers of unauthorized e-cigarettes.
Photograph 205144493 © Евгений Вершинин | Dreamstime.com